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How to Sex a Bearded Dragon: A Comprehensive Guide


Are you the proud owner of a bearded dragon? Knowing the gender of your scaly friend is essential for their well-being and proper care. In this article, we will explore the fascinating world of bearded dragon sexing and provide you with a comprehensive guide on how to determine the gender of your beloved pet. So, let’s dive in and learn how to sex a bearded dragon!

A bearded dragon displaying its unique physical characteristics.
A bearded dragon displaying its unique physical characteristics.

Understanding Bearded Dragon Anatomy

To accurately sex a bearded dragon, it’s crucial to have a basic understanding of their anatomy. Male and female bearded dragons possess distinct physical characteristics that can help differentiate between the two. Males generally have larger heads, broader bodies, and more prominent femoral pores, while females tend to have smaller heads and slimmer bodies.

Probing a bearded dragon to accurately determine its gender.
Probing a bearded dragon to accurately determine its gender.

Methods for Sexing a Bearded Dragon

Visual Cues

One of the most common methods for sexing bearded dragons is through visual cues. By closely examining their physical features, you can identify specific traits that indicate their gender. For instance, males typically display larger, more triangular-shaped heads with prominent beard coloration. Females, on the other hand, often have smaller heads and lack the vibrant coloration seen in males.

Behavioral Differences

In addition to visual cues, behavioral differences can also provide insights into a bearded dragon’s gender. Males tend to exhibit more territorial and aggressive behavior, frequently head-bobbing and arm-waving to assert dominance. Females, on the contrary, display calmer behavior and are less likely to engage in territorial disputes.

Probing Method

For a more accurate determination of a bearded dragon’s gender, the probing method can be employed. This technique involves inserting a small, sterile probe into the cloaca of the dragon to feel for the presence of hemipenes in males. While this method requires precision and experience, it is considered highly reliable when performed correctly.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Here are some common questions regarding the sexing of bearded dragons:

Q: At what age can you sex a bearded dragon?

A: Generally, bearded dragons can be sexed when they are around 4 to 6 months old. However, for more accurate results, it is advisable to wait until they are at least 6 to 8 months old, as sexual characteristics become more distinguishable.

Q: How accurate are the sexing methods?

A: When performed by experienced individuals, both visual cues and the probing method can provide accurate results. However, it’s important to note that visual cues may be less reliable in younger dragons, as sexual characteristics may not be fully developed.

Q: Can you sex a bearded dragon without professional help?

A: While professional assistance can ensure accuracy, many bearded dragon owners successfully sex their pets at home. With proper research, observation, and guidance, it is possible to determine the gender of your dragon without professional intervention.


Determining the gender of your bearded dragon is crucial for their overall care and well-being. By understanding their anatomy, recognizing visual cues, observing behavioral differences, and employing sexing methods such as probing, you can confidently ascertain the gender of your scaly companion.

Remember, accurate sexing allows you to provide the appropriate environment, diet, and care specific to your dragon’s gender. So, take the time to study and apply the methods discussed in this guide, and ensure a happy and healthy life for your bearded dragon!

Note: For more in-depth information on bearded dragon care, check out our other articles in the How-To category.


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