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How to Avoid Midges in Scotland: A Complete Guide


Planning a trip to Scotland? While the breathtaking landscapes and rich history make it a dream destination, there’s one tiny creature that can dampen your experience – midges. These small, flying insects are notorious for their annoying bites, often leaving visitors frustrated and itching. But fear not! In this comprehensive guide, we will explore effective strategies to help you avoid midges and make the most of your time in Scotland.

A midge, a small mosquito-like insect commonly found in Scotland.
A midge, a small mosquito-like insect commonly found in Scotland.

Understanding Midges in Scotland

Before diving into prevention methods, let’s understand what midges are and why they are prevalent in Scotland. Midges are tiny, mosquito-like insects belonging to the Culicoides family. Scotland’s damp climate, abundant standing water, and lush vegetation create the perfect breeding grounds for midges, particularly during the peak season from May to September. They are most commonly found in rural areas, especially near lakes, marshes, and dense forests.

Applying midge repellent is a crucial step in avoiding bites while exploring Scotland.
Applying midge repellent is a crucial step in avoiding bites while exploring Scotland.

Effective Ways to Avoid Midges in Scotland

  1. Midge Repellents: One of the most effective ways to ward off midges is by using repellents specifically designed for these insects. Look for products containing DEET or picaridin, as they provide long-lasting protection. Apply the repellent to exposed skin and clothing, following the instructions on the label.

  2. Protective Clothing: Dressing appropriately can significantly reduce your chances of getting bitten. Wear long-sleeved shirts, long pants, and socks to minimize exposed skin. Opt for light-colored clothing, as midges are attracted to dark colors. Additionally, consider using a head net to protect your face and neck.

  3. Timing is Key: Midges are most active during dawn and dusk when the weather is calm. Plan your outdoor activities accordingly, focusing on midday outings when midge activity is lower. If possible, check local midge forecasts or consult with locals to determine the best times for exploration.

  4. Choose Breezy Locations: Midges tend to be less prevalent in areas with wind or higher altitudes. When possible, opt for coastal or mountainous regions where the air is more likely to be breezy. This can significantly reduce the number of midges encountered during your trip.

  5. Midge Screens and Netting: To ensure a peaceful night’s sleep without midge interruptions, consider using midge screens or netting for windows and sleeping areas. This provides an extra layer of protection, allowing you to enjoy a midge-free environment indoors.

FAQs about Midges in Scotland

  1. Are midges dangerous or harmful?: Midges are not considered dangerous, but their bites can be irritating and cause discomfort. Some individuals may experience mild allergic reactions, resulting in excessive itching or localized swelling.

  2. Can midge bites cause allergies or infections?: While midge bites can cause allergic reactions in certain individuals, they rarely lead to severe allergies or infections. However, it’s essential to avoid excessive scratching to prevent secondary infections.

  3. Do midges have any positive ecological role?: Surprisingly, midges do play a role in the ecosystem. They serve as a food source for various birds, bats, and other insects, contributing to the overall balance of the environment.

  4. Can midges be completely avoided?: While it’s challenging to completely avoid midges in Scotland, following preventive measures can significantly reduce the risk of bites. By being proactive and taking necessary precautions, you can enjoy your trip without being constantly bothered by these tiny insects.

  5. Are there any natural remedies to repel midges?: Some natural repellents, such as citronella or lavender-based products, may provide temporary relief. However, their effectiveness varies, and they might not offer the same level of protection as commercially available repellents.


Don’t let midges ruin your Scottish adventure! By using midge repellents, wearing protective clothing, timing your activities wisely, choosing breezy locations, and utilizing midge screens, you can minimize the annoyance caused by these pesky insects. Remember, prevention is key. So, gear up, plan strategically, and embark on your Scottish journey with confidence, knowing that you are well-prepared to avoid midges and make the most of your time in this beautiful country.

For more travel tips and guides, visit How To, your ultimate resource for expert advice and insights.

Note: This article is for informational purposes only. Always consult with local authorities and healthcare professionals for specific guidance on midge prevention and personal health concerns.


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